Calluses are thick, hard areas of dead skin that typically appear on the feet and hands. Calluses are caused by repeated friction and/or pressure on the area affected.

There are natural remedies to treat foot calluses. To get them removed, you can visit a Podiatrist at Step + Stride.

This article discusses calluses, why you get them, treatment options, and when it might be time to visit your healthcare provider.

What Are Calluses?

A callus is a thick, hardened area of dead skin that occurs on the hands or feet. The skin can either present as rough and hard or flaky and patchy.

Calluses are the result of thickening of the skin’s top layer, which also causes corns (smaller than calluses and with a hard centre around inflamed skin). Both calluses, as well as corns, develop to protect the skin beneath them.

Calluses, unlike corns, are not well-defined and cover larger areas. Calluses can be painful, especially on the bottom of the foot.

Causes of Foot Calluses

Calluses are the result of prolonged friction, rubbing, irritation, or pressure on the area of skin affected.

There are a number of reasons the skin on the foot may form calluses. Some of these include:3

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes
  • Going barefoot
  • Walking without socks
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Having medical conditions such as bunions (bony bumps at the base of the big toe), bone spurs (bony projections along the edges of bones), or hammertoes (an abnormal bend or buckling at the middle joint of a toe)


Preventing calluses is key. Some strategies to prevent calluses from forming include:

  • Keep your feet well-moisturized.
  • Make sure your shoes fit correctly.
  • Use a pumice stone regularly to slough off dead skin.

When to a Podiatrist at Step + Stride

You should visit your healthcare provider if any of the following are true:

  • You have diabetes: People with diabetes can experience a lack of circulation and sensation in the feet, which leads to difficulty healing and can lead to infection.2
  • If you have signs of infection: Signs of an infected callus include redness, pain, swelling, and oozing or pus from the callus.
  • If the pain does not go away: After trying other conservative methods, your podiatrist may recommend surgery if the pain persists.


Calluses are thick, hardened areas of dead skin that appear on the feet and hands. They are the result of prolonged friction or pressure on the affected skin. Calluses rarely cause pain or are a cause for concern. If a callus is showing signs of infection, such as pain or swelling, see your healthcare provider for treatment.

While calluses are generally not harmful, they can cause insecurity for those experiencing them, especially during sandal season. If you have calluses, the best way to treat them is to identify and address the cause. For example, if ill-fitting shoes are the reason, swap out for a more comfortable pair.

Call us today to resolve any foot pain.

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